Pavane

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Sobre o Pavane

A Pavane em fá sustenido menor, Op. 50, é uma composição para orquestra e coro opcional, do compositor Francês Gabriel Fauré, escrita em 1887. De ritmo pausado e estrutura arcaizante, que pretende evocar a pavana que era dançada na corte espanhola, esta peça se caracteriza pela elegância da melodia e a originalidade harmónica, tão próprias ao compositor francês. A peça foi composta para uma formação camerística, incluindo uma pequena orquestra de cordas acrescida de pares de flautas, oboés, clarinetes, fagotes e trompas. Sua representação dura em torno de sete minutos.
O texto acima está disponível sob licença de Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike. Faz uso de material contido em artigo do Wikipedia "Pavane (Fauré)".

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The Pavane in F-sharp minor, op. 50, is a composition for orchestra and optional chorus by the French composer Gabriel Fauré and dates from 1887. Obtaining its rhythm from the slow processional Spanish court dance of the same name, the Pavane ebbs and flows from a series of harmonic and melodic climaxes, conjuring a cool, somewhat haunting, Belle Époque elegance. The piece is scored for only modest orchestral forces consisting of strings and one pair each of flutes, oboes, clarinets, bassoons, and horns. A typical performance lasts around seven minutes., When Fauré began work on the Pavane, he envisaged a purely orchestral work to be played at a series of light summer concerts conducted by Jules Danbe. After Fauré opted to dedicate the work to his patron, Elisabeth, comtesse Greffulhe, he felt compelled to stage a grander affair and thus he added an invisible chorus to accompany the orchestra (with additional allowance for dancers). The choral lyrics were based on some inconsequential verses, à la Verlaine, on the romantic helplessness of man, which had been contributed by the Countess' cousin, Robert de Montesquiou-Fezensac., The orchestral version was first performed at a Concert Lamoureux under the baton of Charles Lamoureux on November 25, 1888. Three days later, the choral version was premiered at a concert of the Société Nationale de Musique. In 1891, the Countess finally helped Fauré produce the version with both dancers and chorus, in a "choreographic spectacle" designed to grace one of her garden parties in the Bois de Boulogne., From the outset, the Pavane has enjoyed immense popularity, whether with or without chorus. It entered the standard repertoire of the Ballets Russes in 1917, where it was alternatively billed as Las Mininas or Les Jardins d'Aranjuez. Fauré's example was imitated by his pupils, who went on to write pavanes of their own: Ravel's Pavane pour une infante défunte and Debussy's Passepied from his Suite bergamasque.,

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